The efficacy of preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD) was evaluated according to preoperative haemoglobin (Hb) values. The records of 295 patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery between July 2007 and August 2008 were reviewed. The records for autologous blood donation, intraoperative transfusion, and related laboratory studies were also evaluated. The transfusion trigger used during this period was Hb < 10 g/dl. A total of 189 patients (64.1%) made a PABD and 106 patients (35.9%) did not. The incidence of allogeneic blood transfusion was significantly lower in the PABD group than in the no PABD group (15.9% vs. 29.2%, P = 0.007). This difference was greater in patients with a preoperative Hb < 14 g/dl (20.3% vs. 62.5%, P < 0.0001), and no difference was found in patients with Hb ≥ 14 g/dl (13.3% vs. 14.9%, P = 0.83). PABD reduced the incidence of allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, particularly in patients with a preoperative Hb < 14 g/dl. PABD could be used to reduce the frequency of intraoperative allogeneic blood transfusion in these patients.
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